The salutation in Bharathanatyam is called Thatti Kumudu (to tap and salute). The ancient practice of performing the salutation before and after dancing is observed in all parts of India.
1.The salutation is done by tapping the feet in samapada (feet together) with the shikara hasta in both hands, in front of the chest.
2.The practitioner then turns out her toes ,sits in full mandi and brings the hands (in shikhara hasta ) from the shoulders, touches the floor and raises the palms to her eyes, paying her respects to Mother Earth.
3. Then he/she performs the three namaskars:-
There are different stories about its origin, and here you go:
The Gods & Goddesses pleaded Lord Brahma to create another veda which would be simple for the common man to understand. It is believed that considering this request Lord Brahma created the Panchamaveda , Fifth veda, Natyaveda , an essence of the other four vedas. It is believed that he has taken pathya (words) form the Rigveda, abhinaya (gesture) from the Yajurveda, get (music and chant) from Samaveda and rasa (sentiment and emotional element) from Atharvaveda to form the fifth veda, Natyaveda.
After creating this natyaveda, Lord Brahma gave the same to sage Bharata and asked him to popularize this veda on earth. Following the words of Lord Brahma, sage Bharata wrote Natyashastra or the Science of Dramaturgy, a great, comprehensive work on the science and technique of Indian drama, dance and music. Bharatanatyam might have got its name from sage Bharata also.The dancers still follow this work to perform.
There is also another story which says that Goddess Parvathi taught this dance form to Usha, daughter of Banasura, a demon. Usha taught the same to the Gopikas of the city of Dwaraka, Lord Krishna's birth place. Thus the divine dance form Bharatanatyam was introduced to the mankind.
In Indian mythology, Lord Shiva is considered as the supreme lord of dance. This divine art form is performed by Lord Shiva & his wife Goddess Parvathi. The Dance performed by Lord Shiva is known as Tandava , which depicts his violent nature as the destructor of the universe. The tandava performed with joy is called Ananda Tandava and performed in violent mood is called
Rudra Tandava . There are 7 types of Tandava. Namely Ananda Tandava, Tripura Tandava, Sandhya Tandava, Samara Tandava, Kaali tandava, Uma Tandava and Gauri Tandava. There are few people who believe that there are 16 types of Tandava. Tandava has vigorous, brisk movements.The dance performed by Goddess Parvathi is known as Lasya , in which the movements are gentle, graceful and sometimes erotic also. Some scholars call Lasya as the feminine version of Tandava. Lasya has 2 kinds. Jarita Lasya and Yauvaka Lasya .
Praveen & Virginia, a couple who believe in this great ancient Indian Arts - Yoga & Dance, and would love to share to everyone.